# Difference between Magnetic Circuit and Electric Circuit

A circuit is described as a network loop through which an electric current or magnetic field passes. The main circuit components include – the source, conducting path, and load. In other words, any closed loop across which electricity, magnetic flux, data, or signals flows is called a circuit.

Based on the type of quantity (i.e. electric current or magnetic flux) flowing through the closed conducting loop, a circuit can be of the following two types:

• Electric Circuit
• Magnetic Circuit

In this article, we will be talking about the differences that set an electric circuit apart from a magnetic circuit. In addition to this, a brief introduction to electric circuits and the magnetic circuit is given in this article.

## What is an Electric circuit?

An electric circuit is described as an electric network that conducts electricity. An electric circuit is comprised of – an electric source of energy such as batteries, cells, etc that drive the operation of various circuit elements, connecting wires, and mechanical or electronic loads such as lamps, bulbs, fans, etc.

Based on the nature of electric current flowing across the electric circuit, it can be categorized into the following two categories –

• DC circuit – It is an electric circuit that is supplied with a direct current source.
• AC circuit – It is an electric circuit that is supplied with an alternating current source.

Depending on the kind of circuit connection existing between the different electronic components in the electric circuit, it can be further subdivided into the following three types.

## What is a Magnetic circuit?

Magnetic Circuit is defined as the closed conducting path through which magnetic flux is carried. The magnetic circuit is comprised of a highly magnetic core like soft steel or iron. The magnetic core is wound by a conducting coil, due to which a magnetic field is generated around the coil.

Magnetic circuits find a wide range of applications such as in the design of numerous electronic devices namely generators, motors, transformers, etc. Based on the arrangement of the magnetic circuit, it can be categorized into the following two types:

• Parallel magnetic circuit
• Series magnetic circuit

A parallel magnetic circuit is comprised of more than one magnetic loop for the flow of magnetic flux. While a series magnetic circuit is made up of only a single magnetic loop for the flow of magnetic flux.

## Difference between Magnetic and Electric Circuits

The table below lists the major differences between an electric circuit and a magnetic circuit:

### Conclusion

In conclusion, this article discusses the prominent differences between an electric circuit and a magnetic circuit in terms of various factors such as Ohm’s Law, the intensity of the applied field, field lines direction flow, drop, etc. Both electric and magnetic fields are used widely in the manufacturing of several electrical machines and devices.