How to Change the Direction of Rotation of DC Series Motor?

Last Updated on October 25, 2023 by Electricalvolt

In this post we will discuss how to change the direction of rotation of DC Series Motor. The rotational force of the DC motor is called the torque. 

The torque experienced by the armature conductor is given by;

torque equation of dc series motor

From the above expression, it is lucid that the torque of the DC motor depends on the two factors.

  • Magnetic flux 
  • Armature current
Read More : What is magnetic flux?

Direction reversal of separately excited DC Motor:

From Equation(1), it is clear that the direction of the torque and the speed can be reversed by changing the direction of either the field current or armature current by changing the polarity of the DC voltage. However, this method is used for separately excited DC motor where it is possible to change the polarity of the field voltage or armature voltage. This method can not be used in the case of DC series motor.

dc series motor

Now let us understand how the direction of the DC series motor can be changed.

Direction reversal of DC Series Motor:

dc series motor diagram

In DC series motor the field and armature winding are connected in the series connection. Therefore, the armature current and field current is always equal. If the polarity of applied armature voltage is changed the direction of the field current and the armature current both get changed and therefore,  the direction of the torque and speed will remain unaltered.

Thus in the case of the DC series motor, the speed can not be changed by changing the polarity of the armature voltage. The direction of rotation of the DC series motor can be changed only if the direction of either field current or armature current is changed. 

The direction of rotation of DC series motor may be reversed by changing;

  •  The polarity of either field 
  • or the polarity of the armature winding.

The speed of rotation of the DC series motor can be changed by connecting the field winding and armature winding as depicted in the given picture.

how to change direction of dc series motor

Read Next:

  1. DC Motor Starting Torque 
  2. Condition for Maximum Power of DC Motor
  3. DC Motor Back EMF  
  4. Why DC Series Motor not started at no load?
  5. Why DC Series Motor has high starting torque?
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About Satyadeo Vyas

Satyadeo Vyas, M.Tech,M.B.A. is an electrical engineer and has more than 36 years of industrial experience in the operation, maintenance, and commissioning of electrical and instrumentation projects. He has good knowledge of electrical, electronics, and instrumentation engineering.

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