Difference Between Magnetic Field & Magnetic Flux

Last Updated on November 16, 2023 by Electricalvolt

The major difference between the magnetic field and the magnetic flux is that the magnetic field is the region in which moving charges and poles experience a force. In comparison, the magnetic flux is the strength of magnetic lines produced by a magnet. We shall discuss the other minor differences in this post.

The amount of magnetizing force is the strength of the magnetic field strength(H). The force is directly proportional to the following;

  • Magnetic field strength
  • Nature of medium

Sources of Magnetic Field

Magnetic Field Current-Carrying Conductor

Moving charged particles creates a magnetic field. When current flows in a conductor, it produces a magnetic field around the conductor. A magnetic field can be checked by placing the magnetic needle at that point. The magnetic field generated due to the current-carrying conductor is given below.

magnetic field due to current carrying conductor

Thus, a magnetic field due to current carrying conductor depends on;

  • Current flowing through the conductor and distance from the conductor.

The magnetic field increases with an increase in the current. The magnetic field is proportional to the current flowing in the conductor.

  • Distance from the conductor

The magnetic field is inversely proportional to the distance from the current carry conductor.

Magnetic field due to permanent Magnet

The magnetic field associated with a permanent magnet can be seen by placing a sheet of paper over the magnet. And they are randomly sprinkling iron filings on the paper. Each particle gets quickly magnetized and forms the north and south poles. They form lines representing the magnetic fields between the north and south poles.

magnetic field produced by permanent magnet

Magnetic Flux

The total number of magnetic force lines produced by the magnet is magnetic flux.

magnetic field produced by a magnet

The unit of flux is Weber. SI and CGS units of the magnetic flux are Tesla and Maxwell, respectively. The one Weber is equal to the 108 lines of forces or the Maxwell.

Comparison Chart

Comparison Criteria Magnetic Field Magnetic Flux
Definition The region around the magnet where poles and moving charges experience the force. The number of magnetic field lines produced by the magnet.
CGS Unit Gauss Maxwell
SI Unit Tesla Weber
Dependence On Magnet that produces it. 1. Magnet field strength
2. Area between them.

Key Differences Between Magnetic Field and Magnetic Flux

Let us summarize the key differences.

  1. The area around the magnet produces a magnetic field. In this area, the poles and the moving charges experience a force of attraction or repulsion. The force depends on the strength of the magnetic field. The stronger the magnetic field, the stronger the force experienced by poles and moving charges. In comparison, the number of magnetic lines of force produced by the magnetic is the magnetic flux. The number of force lines is more if the magnetic field is strong.
  2. The magnetic field depends on the magnetic strength and the direction of the moving charges. Whereas the magnetic field depends on the field strength and the area around the poles.
  3. The SI unit of the magnetic field is Tesla. The SI unit of magnetic flux is Weber.

Conclusion

The magnetic flux generates a magnetic field. Thus, the magnetic flux and magnetic field are both interrelated.

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About Satyadeo Vyas

Satyadeo Vyas, M.Tech,M.B.A. is an electrical engineer and has more than 36 years of industrial experience in the operation, maintenance, and commissioning of electrical and instrumentation projects. He has good knowledge of electrical, electronics, and instrumentation engineering.

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