# Making Capacity of Circuit Breaker- Definition, Formula, Calculation

Definition: The making capacity of a circuit breaker is the maximum current the circuit breaker can handle upon closing under an electrical fault. This is a critical specification for circuit breakers because it indicates the maximum current the breaker can safely handle in a circuit under fault conditions without getting damaged.

### Key Points about Making Capacity:

1. The making capacity is called the “peak making current” and is typically expressed in kiloamperes (kA). It represents the highest current the breaker can safely close on without damage.
2. This capacity is significant during short-circuit conditions, where the current can surge to high values. The circuit breaker must be able to close and establish the circuit under these extreme conditions.
3. According to the IEC 60947-2 standard, the making capacity is usually 2.55 times the rated short-circuit breaking capacity (Isc). For instance, if a circuit breaker has a breaking capacity of 50 kA, its making capacity would typically be 2.55X 50 = 127.5 kA.
4. The making capacity is verified through rigorous testing to ensure the breaker can handle the peak currents without mechanical or thermal damage.
5. It is commonly denoted by the symbol Im and expressed in kA(peak)​.

### Formula for Circuit Breaker Making Capacity

The standard formula used per IEC (International Electrotechnical Commission) standards is:

Where:

• Im = Making capacity of the circuit breaker
• Is = Rated short-circuit breaking capacity of the circuit breaker
• k = Multiplying factor, which is often taken as 2.55 according to IEC 60947-2 standards

### Practical Example:

Consider a circuit breaker with the following specifications:

• Breaking Capacity (Isc): 21kA
• Making Capacity (Im):
Making capacity = 2.55 * symmetrical breaking capacity.
= 2.55 × 21 kA = 53.55 kA(Peak)

In this case, the circuit breaker can safely close on a fault current of up to 53.55 kA without getting damaged, ensuring reliable performance even under severe fault conditions.

### Importance of Making Capacity of Circuit Breaker in Electrical Systems:

1. Protection: This ensures the breaker can safely handle the maximum possible current during fault conditions, protecting the breaker and the connected equipment.
2. Reliability: Helps maintain system reliability by ensuring the breaker can close and establish the circuit even under extreme conditions.
3. Safety: Prevents damage and potential hazards by ensuring the breaker operates correctly under high current conditions.

Understanding and selecting a circuit breaker with an appropriate making capacity is crucial for the safety and reliability of electrical systems.