# Difference between Charge and Mass

In this article, we will discuss the important differences between charge and mass. But before that let us first know a bit about charge and mass individually.

Though, charge and mass are the two important properties of matter. The fundamental difference between charge and mass is that charge is related to an electrical property of matter while mass is related to a physical property of matter. Let us discuss more charge and mass.

## What is Charge?

Charge, also called electric charge, is the property of matter by virtue of which matter shows electrical behavior. It is the property of subatomic particles namely electrons and protons of the atom. A charge is usually denoted by the symbol Q or q. Its SI unit is Coulomb, represented by C. Based on polarity, the charge is classified into two types, i.e. positive charge and negative charge. The positive charge is carried by protons, whereas the negative charge is carried by electrons.

A charge is quantized, i.e. it always occurs as an integral multiple of fundamental charge (1.6×10-19 C). Also, the charge is conserved, which means the charge neither be created nor destroyed. Another important property of charge is that like charges (+ve and +ve or –ve and –ve) repel each other, whereas unlike charges (+ve and –ve) attract each other.

## What is Mass?

Mass is another fundamental property of matter. Mass is the measure of the amount of matter contained by a body. Therefore, mass shows the matter density of the body. The mass of a body is denoted by the symbol m and is measured in kg which is the SI unit of mass. Mass is independent of the place where the body is present. Mass determines the weight of the body at a specific place. Another important property of mass is that it is constant. The mass of an object or body can never be negative. It is also a real number. In the physical analysis of properties of objects, mass plays a vital role.

After discussing the basics of charge and mass, now we are able to discuss the differences between them.

## Difference between Charge and Mass

The key differences between charge and mass are given in the table below.

### Conclusion

Hence, this is all about the differences between charge and mass. In conclusion, we can state that charge and mass both are fundamental properties of matter. The study of the above comparison shows that charge and mass have a significant difference that is, the charge can be positive as well as negative, but the mass is always positive.